Jumping is the best known – and probably most readily understood – of all the FEI disciplines and is one of the three Olympic equestrian sports, along with Dressage and Eventing. As in all equestrian disciplines, men and women compete on equal terms in Jumping in both individual and team events.
Jumping is a spectacular mix of courage, control and technical ability that takes horse and rider over 10 to 13 “knockable” obstacles, some of which may be double or treble combinations, with penalties incurred for each obstacle knocked down or refused. Jumping has also produced some of equestrian sport’s most memorable Olympic moments.
Rider and horse have to complete riding the course with 10 to 13 obstacles that are not fixed (opposite to the military discipline). The goal is in testing the skills, correctness and training of the competing pair. If the pair did not undermine hight or width of any of the obstacles we can say that they passed without errors. In the case that any obstacle is knocked down or the horse has disobeyed the errors are cumulated (knock out means 4 minus points, first disobeyal the same, second additional 4 minus points while the third disobeyal brings discfalification).
The winner is the pair with least penalty points, the pair that completed course with the fastest time or the pair that gained the highest number of positive points (depending on the type of the class).